The main aim of this project was to generate a random (Somewhat ) LED blinking using Ic 555.
When browsing I came across an article to use Ic4026 to add some amount of randomness, But that was not enough . So an AND gate to ‘and’ the outputs from two different astable multivirators (Ic 555 Circuits) and that was given as a clock source for the IC 4026. This made sure that the pattern would not be the same always.
One could change the patterns using the two potentiometers (trimmers).These potentiometers ensured that the frequency of the output has changed and thus the clock input to 4026 was altered.
Note : Only five output pins were selected from the set of outputs in a 4026 based on distinct blinking combination.
To make the whole setup spin , One small computer cooling fan was taken and a 9V battery was mounted(Glued) onto it ( In the center) . Now the circuit was mounted over the battery. Now when the fan rotated — The battery rotated along with it and so did the circuit — producing beautiful patterns of light.
This is a simple application where in you think of a number from 1-99 in your mind and then the machine tells you what it is !
All you have to do is, think of a number and say if it is greyed out in the series of cards shown.
Before we step into any detail, Watch the video
The concept behind this is a BCD to 7-Segment decoder(IC7447). The unit and tens place of the number are in BCD. For example let’s consider the number 24
Number 2 4 – This in BCD would be 0010 0100. Thus this number would be found in sheet3 and sheet6. When you press these corresponding switches, the number would come up in the 7-segment display.
The switches used here are momentary push switches. When the switches are pressed, we would need it to be giving a constant HIGH. For this we use D Flip Flop (IC4013).
The flip flop is used to sense the switch input and it goes high permanently (until the reset button is pressed). For this we connect the ‘data’ pin to VCC and the clock pin to the switch output. As the flip flop is positive edge triggered, this pin is pulled low with a resister and the switch is connected to VCC. When the switch is pressed, the pin is pulled up to VCC and this triggers the flip flop, thus the output pin ‘Q’ goes HIGH.
BCD to 7-SEGMENT:
IC7447 is used to drive the 7Segment. This circuit uses a common anode 7-Segment, the output of flip flops are directly fed to the BCD inputs of the 7segment driver.
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